Little change in the pupil-teacher ratio
The pupil-teacher ratio tells us how many pupils there are for every teacher in a teaching situation. Only ordinary teaching situations are measured, and hours spent on special Norwegian language tuition and special needs education are not included. In 2015-16 the average pupil-teacher ratio in ordinary teaching situations was 16.8. The pupil-teacher ratio has changed little in the last five years.
23 per cent of pupils attend schools with 20 or more pupils per teacher in ordinary teaching situations. This is an increase from 14 per cent in 2001-02. There may be several reasons for this increase. For instance, earlier in this chapter we learnt that there are now 100 fewer primary and lower secondary schools today than a decade ago, and there are more large schools now than before. There is significant covariation between school size and pupil-teacher ratio. The greater the average school size in a municipality, the more pupils per teacher, see Figure 2.9.
More teacher FTEs in ordinary tuition at the lower secondary level
In 2015-16 primary and lower secondary schools employed 57,600 teacher FTEs – 280 more than the previous year. 77 per cent of teacher FTEs involve ordinary teaching, while the remainder are spent on special needs education, special language tuition and Sami language tuition.
Figure 2.9 Average pupil-teacher ratio by school size. 2015-16. Numbers.
Source: Directorate for Education and Training